MS Seminar (Mathematics - String Theory)

Speaker: Richard Eager
Title: Classification of topological twists of super-Poincare algebras
Date (JST): Tue, Oct 30, 2018, 15:30 - 17:00
Place: Seminar Room A
Abstract: Topological quantum field theories are a bridge between high energy particle physics, condensed matter, and mathematics. An important class of topological quantum field theories arise as "topological twists" of supersymmetric quantum field theories.

We consider algebraic varieties canonically associated to any Lie superalgebra, and study them in detail for super-Poincaré algebras of physical interest. They are the locus of nilpotent elements in (the projectivized parity reversal of) the odd part of the algebra. Most of these varieties have appeared in various guises in previous literature, but we study them systematically here, from a new perspective: as the natural moduli spaces parameterizing twists of a super-Poincaré-invariant physical theory. We obtain a classification of all possible twists, as well as a systematic analysis of unbroken symmetry in twisted theories. The natural stratification of the varieties, the identification of strata with twists, and the action of Lorentz and R-symmetry on the varieties are emphasized. We also include a short and unconventional exposition of the pure-spinor superfield formalism, from the perspective of twisting, and demonstrate that it can be applied to construct familiar multiplets in four-dimensional minimally supersymmetric theories; in all dimensions and with any amount of supersymmetry, this technique produces BRST or BV complexes of supersymmetric theories from the Koszul complex of the cone point over the coordinate ring of the nilpotence variety, possibly tensored with a module over that coordinate ring. In addition, we remark on a natural emergence of nilpotence varieties in the Chevalley-Eilenberg cohomology of supertranslations, and give two applications related to these ideas: a calculation of Chevalley-Eilenberg cohomology for the six-dimensional N=(2,0) supertranslation algebra, and a BV complex matching the field content of type IIB supergravity from the coordinate ring of the corresponding nilpotence variety. Based on joint work with Ingmar Saberi and Johannes Walcher.
Remarks: Chalk talk