APEC Seminar (Astronomy - Particle Physics - Experimental Physics - Cosmology)

Speaker: Obinna Umeh (Portsmouth U)
Title: Testing the equivalence principle on cosmological scales using the odd multipoles of galaxy cross-power spectrum and bispectrum
Date (JST): Thu, Dec 17, 2020, 17:00 - 18:00
Place: Zoom
Related File: 2616.pdf
Abstract: One of the cornerstones of general relativity is the equivalence principle. However, the validity of the equivalence principle has only been established on solar system scales for standard matter fields; this result cannot be assumed to hold for the non-standard matter fields that dominate the gravitational dynamics on cosmological scales. Here we show how the equivalence principle may be tested on cosmological scales for non-standard matter fields using the odd multipoles of the galaxy cross-power spectrum and bispectrum. This test makes use of the imprint on the galaxy cross-power spectrum and bispectrum by the parity-violating general relativistic deformations of the past-light cone, and assumes that galaxies can be treated as test particles that are made of baryons and cold dark matter. This assumption leads to a non-zero galaxy-baryon relative velocity if the equivalence principle does not hold between baryons and dark matter. We show that the relative velocity can be constrained to be less than 25% of the galaxy velocity using the cross-power spectrum of the HI intensity mapping/Halpha galaxy survey and the bispectrum of the Halpha galaxy survey.