APEC Seminar (Astronomy - Particle Physics - Experimental Physics - Cosmology)

Speaker: Sakine Nishi (Rikkyo U)
Title: Reheating and Primordial Gravitational Waves in Generalized Galilean Genesis
Date (JST): Wed, Mar 30, 2016, 13:30 - 14:30
Place: Seminar Room A
Related File: 1650.pdf
Abstract: Galilean genesis is an alternative to inflation, in which the universe starts expanding from Minkowski with the stable violation of the null energy condition. In this talk, we discuss how the early universe is reheated through the gravitational particle production at the transition from the genesis phase to the subsequent phase where the kinetic energy of the scalar field is dominant. We then study the consequences of gravitational reheating after Galilean genesis on the spectrum of primordial gravitational waves. The resultant spectrum is strongly blue, and at high frequencies \Omega_{gw} \propto f^3 in terms of the energy density per unit logarithmic frequency. Though this cannot be detected in existing detectors, the amplitude can be as large as \Omega_{gw} \sim 10^{−12} at f \sim 100MHz, providing a future test of the genesis scenario. The analysis is performed within the framework of generalized Galilean genesis based on the Horndeski theory, which enables us to derive generic formulas.