MS Seminar (Mathematics - String Theory)

Speaker: Stephen Angus ( Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Ewha Woman's University)
Title: O(D,D) completion of the Friedmann equations
Date: Tue, Oct 29, 2019, 13:15 - 14:30
Place: Seminar Room A
Related File: 2430.pdf
Abstract: String theory suggests a unique and unambiguous augmentation of General Relativity, in which the entire closed-string massless NS-NS sector is promoted to stringy graviton fields. O(D,D) T-duality then uniquely fixes the coupling of this 'Stringy Gravity' to other matter, leading to a generalization of Einstein's equations with an enhanced energy-momentum tensor. In this talk I will explore the resulting cosmological implications and show that this yields an enriched framework beyond typical string cosmology, with solutions characterized by two equation-of-state parameters (w,\lambda) rather than one (w). This includes a line in parameter space where GR-like solutions with constant dilaton are admitted for any w. However, neither an O(D,D)-symmetric cosmological constant nor a scalar field with positive energy density gives rise to a de Sitter solution, suggesting that de Sitter may simply be an artefact of GR and belong to the swampland.